But already in the beginning of time, evil powers appear for the purpose of opposing and ruining the good influences from the world of gods upon mankind. Just as Heimdall, “the fast traveler,” proceeds from house to house, forming new ties in society and giving instruction in what is good and useful, thus we soon
The mythic ancient history of the human race and of the Teutons may, in accordance with the analysis above given, be divided into the following epochs: – (l) From Ask and Embla’s creation until Heimdall’s arrival; (2) from Heimdall’s arrival until his departure; (3) the age of Skjold-Borgar; (4) Halfdan’s time; (5) The time of Halfdan’s sons.
The Germanic mythology, like the Vedic mythology, knows two high clans of gods. In character, both clans completely correspond to one another. Among the Teutons, these clans are called the Aesir and the Vanir. The Aesir’s call is to defend the order of the world against its foes. For this reason, they inhabit a realm
Commonly considered to be the seat of the ancient Saxon religion located near Heresburg (now Obermarsberg) in Northern Germany, the first reference to Irminsul appeared in the Annales Regni Francorum or Royal Frankish Annals (772 AD). During the Saxon wars, Charlemagne repeatedly ordered the idol’s destruction. Rudolf of Fulda (865 AD) describes it in his
The life-producing, fruit-bearing earth’s female representative among the powers, the goddess Frigg, has, as I shall demonstrate below, mythological prerequisites that go back to the Proto-Indo-European era; but, as a pronounced epic personality, she belongs to the same period that gave rise to Njörd, Frey, and Freyja. In order not to perpetuate an error that
~Agni-Heimdall, the Culture-Bringer~ 76) As we have seen, the Indo-European concept of the first human pair was far removed from that of Christian dogma in that they possessed brilliance in reason and holiness in will. One seems rather to have imagined them as gifted but unevolved and as such, easily accessible to evil. Their offspring
The modern conception of the removal of those fallen by the sword to Asgard is that the valkyries carried them immediately through blue space to the halls above. The heathens did not conceive the matter in this manner. It is true that the mythological horses might carry their riders through the air without pressing a
It has already been demonstrated that all the dead must go to Hel—not only they whose destination is the realm of bliss, but also those who are to dwell in Asgard or in[Pg 483] the regions of torture in Nifelheim. Thus the dead tread at the outset the same road. One and the same route
The Asas have two thingsteads: the one in Asgard, the other in the lower world. In the former a council is held and resolutions passed in such matters as pertain more particularly to the clan of the Asas and to their relation to other divine clans and other powers. When Balder is visited by ugly
As those beings for whom Urd determines birth, position in life, and death, are countless, so her servants, who perform the tasks commanded by her as queen, must also be innumerable. They belong to two large classes: the one class is active in her service in regard to life, the other in regard to death.